Princess Marketing Is Insane, But Princess Movies Rock (Part 2)

This is part two. Part one is here.

Princess as Product

The 20th Century ended with the Disney animation legacy dimmed. The animated film was still a global entertainment medium, but Walt would not have recognized the hits rendered photo-realistically by the digital artists of Pixar and DreamWorks. Mickey Mouse's tradition, like a collection of Grimm fairy tales, was musty and out of date.

And Disney princesses? Who are they? Oh, you mean from those old-fashioned fairy tale movies?

It's so easy to forget that, not long ago, Disney Princesses weren't a thing. As Peggy Orenstein recounts,  we owe this entire debate to a Scotsman named Andy Mooney who had an aha moment in line at Disney On Ice.

Mooney was a marketer brought in from Nike to head Disney's Consumer Products division. Taking in an ice-skating show, Orenstein quotes him saying, "I was surrounded by little girls dressed head to toe as princesses. They were generic princess products they’d appended to a Halloween costume. And the light bulb went off."

Sell kids what they were buying for cheap, put the Disney imprimatur on it, and mark up the price. It reminds me of bottled water. Look! The water in these bottles has a picture of a waterfall on it! And it's $2.50! It must be better than what you get IN YOUR SINK! And so: buy the tiara with a tiny picture of Aurora on it, at triple the price of the little cardboard crown you were perfectly happy playing with.

It has been a blockbuster strategy, to put it mildly. Within a decade, under Mooney's leadership, Cinderella and company became one of the biggest brands in the world in and of themselves. Now that Fantasyland has been torn down and rebuilt as the Princess Experience, the brand has been apotheosized.

We are right to be concerned, and to lament marketing cosmetics and luxury lifestyles to kids. We should object to anyone whose business model depends on generating peer pressure among children to manipulate their parents into buying more consumer products that end up in landfills. There are so, so many things to object to.

But the most recent Disney princess movies are not among them.

Third-Wave Princesses: Tiana

While some Disney executives were enriching the bottom line by putting screenshots of the happy endings of 50-year-old movies on plastic wands, that revenue was subsidizing another group of executives who were digging through Grimm again to give "2D animation" another shot.

Pixar's visionary John Lasseter, promoted to head the whole Disney studio, asked the directors of The Little Mermaid and Aladdin to return. Their project was The Princess and the Frog.

If you only read advance media coverage, you'd think the adaptation, the setting and the casting were racially clumsy overreaches. If you only read reviews, you'd think the finished product was sweet and forgettable. If you actually see the movie, you'll experience a risky, earnest  implantation of the princess myth into one of America's healing wounds: the African-American community in the segregated South.


There is a lot to say about this movie. But lumping it in with Snow White and dismissing it as a regressive influence on girls requires willfully ignoring what's on the screen.

Tiana's entire motivation and character arc are based on her outsized work ethic. She is so determined to be financially independent that her romantic foil spends the movie trying to loosen her up. If anything, the emphasis on female strength, especially when repeatedly contrasted with the layabout frog prince, can be strident. She's so mature, so resilient, such a good role model that there's not really anywhere for her to go. She must--what? Learn how to relax?

But if the hero journey of The Princess and the Frog is less than transcendent, the cultural journey is jaw-dropping. The New Orleans setting, especially the bayou voodoo caricatures, must raise eyebrows for people who study exoticism and representations of non-mainstream subcultures. I am not qualified to weigh in on those sensitivities. To these white eyes, the experience of a fairy tale led by a black woman and her loving family in a working-class neighborhood--endorsed by Disney, the West's chief purveyor of wholesome normalcy--felt very new.

This was the first post-Obama Disney princess.


The studio's next--its 50th animated feature, as it happens--was to be Rapunzel. But in a notorious eleventh-hour renaming, it became Tangled. Once again, a discussion of the studio's decision-making drowned out appraisal of the actual film.

Allow me to appraise it for you: it's brilliant.

Like the screwball comedies of the 30s and 40s--the last period in Hollywood history where active women could be the center of universal stories--Tangled is about a creative, charismatic woman seeking what she wants. As in the original story, Rapunzel begins as a damsel in a tower.

But she does not long for a prince to rescue her. She longs to satisfy her curiosity about the world (as Ariel and Belle do).

And she does not turn mute, or become a prisoner, so that she can earn the hand of a prince. She goes on an adventure in a strange new world--one worthy of Luke Skywalker. There's a cantina full of thugs, a delirious chase, twists and betrayals, daring rescues, and shocking revelations.

Plus, she's also got the natural leadership of Dorothy, using an arsenal of charm and compassion to build alliances that make everyone's life better.

Like Dorothy (and unlike Tiana in The Princess and the Frog), Rapunzel has growth to do. The ingenious plot allows her to experience both disillusionment and ecstasy, sometimes in the same montage. And in a major step forward for any major animated film--or for that matter any American film--the protagonist grows alongside the romantic interest, as opposed to just growing toward him. The prince, for the first time, is a three-dimensional person as well, whose flaws are not mocked but rather shown to be lacking, and allowed to heal, with Rapunzel's help.

The only constituency who ends up looking pretty bad is stepmothers.


Pixar, now part of Disney but working as a separate studio, finally created a film with a female protagonist in 2012. It too went through a title change (from The Bear and the Bow, which I think would have been awesome), as well as the dismissal of its female director and creator. It too was so surprising and fresh and different that critics seem not to have actually watched the movie they were writing about.

Brave is about a young person born to a ruling clan, and the choices she makes out of youthful rebellion that have consequences for the society at large. It moves from family tensions to (very light) geopolitics, from Miyazaki-style magic to Disney-style cartooning, from well-worn symbolism to striking originality (I'm talking to you, terrifying scene where mom's bear eyes go subtly from human to animal).

And out of all this richness of fable and timelessness of plot and roundedness of relationships, the film somehow inherited the epithet of "princess movie."

The snarky dismissal of such a rich, emotional story, especially in contrast to the oohs and aahs heard over virtually every Pixar film before it--starts to suggest a knee-jerk contempt for the feminine. (Even though Brave comes down pretty clearly against frou-frou femininity.)

Princess Culture Is Not About The Princess Movies

And once again, we read of the angst of progressive parents, wringing their hands over the "princess culture" their daughters are stewing in.

To the extent that princess products are part of the stew of manipulative marketing that all our children soak in, I agree. Princess birthday parties are just dress-up parties that have been monetized, and it's annoying when we see we're being ripped off.

But remember: parents soak in that stew too. It's called consumerism, and capitalism. We are all constantly being sold stuff that's bad for us, and we often buy it because it's been designed to stimulate our pleasure centers. We buy terrible magazines and watch terrible shows and eat terrible food substances. These are no less insidious to our development than princess birthday parties are to our daughters'.

But Disney princess movies? Out of all the stories and messages our children take in?

They're some of the best out there. And they've gotten better and better.


  1. I see your points here, Colin, and I've thought them myself at times, but these movies are flawed from a female stand point.

    There are things to like, like Tiana not just fulfilling her dream and making the prince give up his thrown to help her, and Rapunzel having ambitions of her own as well. But there are things to dislike as well. For instance, in these two movies the men a dopes. They fall in the same vein as the prince from Sleeping Beauty who couldn't even throw a sword without the help of fairy magic. They simply aren't worth of the women they're with. Strong women need to be complimented by strong men. Otherwise they're settling.

    This is overly true for PatF. There is no chemistry between him and Tiana. They fall in love because they have to for the plot.

    I feel a similar way with Tangled. She never thinks to tie her hair around the bed and climb down. She needs the man to prompt her. It might have been better if found her own way out and them met him in the woods. It would also have been nice if he wasn't the source of most of her trouble. Triply nice if they hadn't fallen in love just because he's the first person she saw.

    Brave is a decent movie. I think it's tone and message are better for teenagers than kids. The scarey stuff is horrific and violent. And the mom/daughter stuff is too mature for kids that haven't got to the rebellion stage. My daughter came out with the idea that Merida should have just listened to her mother. We had to explain the subtleties.

    On the racial front, yes, PatF is an unfortunate big deal and a long time in coming. It's a shame the villain is modeled after the bad guy in Live and Let Die. I also thought the racial harmony was naive and revisionist. But the worst bit was the frog hunters, because in a move attempting break racial lines the poor white southerns had to be stereotypical bumpkins.

    I think what I'm getting at is I really don't like Disney movies in general.

  2. I just saw your TED talk about how movies teach manhood, and then this blog post, and I have to say, as an aspiring writer/storyteller and an independent woman, I think about this stuff all the time. And I love that you put it out there in the world. Stories, especially movies in this day and age, and especially children's stories, have a huge impact on our subconscious psychology as individuals and as a culture. I think people need to think about that more. Bravo, sir, bravo. I'm obsessed.

  3. I agree with what you are stating about the Disney Princesses modeling luxury and I would not my children to see that as a thing to strive for. As a child I did enjoy watching Cinderella but as I have gotten older I realize that those movies still have their flaws.

  4. I totally agree. Princess parties are overrated. I like how you compare Tangled to the original story. She is not like the Rapunzel we hear in our story books. Mirror Mirror is another good example. Snow is not like the Snow White we see in the Disney movies or heard in the children story books.

  5. It's true that capitalism and products sold for Disney-styled birthday parties are a rip off but it's not the only thing out there. People enjoy immersing themselves in things that bring them comfort whether it be with certain types of music, movies, conventions and much more. Also, buying products that most may see as rip offs can fund the other products which are very beneficial (like the Disney movies). They also lead to incredible ideas like Disney World. To sum up my opinion on this matter, I'll deal with the rip offs if it means that I can enjoy what counts at the same time.

  6. I completely agree with your point. Young girls are very concerned of being a princess but I feel like its a phase that every girl goes through, just like every girl use to like the color pink because the color pink is a "girl" color. As girls grow older, they grow out of the princess stage and learn to become more realistic. As for the princess parties, parents want their children to be happy on their birthday so they buy all the princess supplies so that their children are happy and its more convenient to buy a bunch of princess stuff than finding various party supplies.

  7. I personally like the trend in Disney movies towards strong independent female protagonist, because in the real world there are strong independent women. At the same time, I don't see anything wrong with the traditional princess story either. If a little girl wants to be Mulan and be courageous and go on adventures then good! But if she wants to be Cinderella and wait on prince charming I don't see anything wrong with that either, as long as it's her decision. As far as consumerism goes, I don't blame Disney at all, I would do the same.

  8. I love the progress Disney has made through out the years. They help to show girls to be independent and strong, Make mistakes threw trial and error and may other things.

  9. I think you are right. I think that sometimes children manipulate their parents into buying what they want for them. The princess phase for children was definitely a time when kids have done that, including me. I don't think it's good but if the parents are firm there shouldn't be any worries and princesses can be seen as a good thing again.

  10. I have been through the stages you talk about so I agree completely. I think that also girls are young and outgrow this stage so I think it is okay for them to have that childhood stage. Disney is known all around the world just like some celebrities are international and a lot of their fans strive to be like their idols. I think Disney is not doing anything wrong it is up to parents how they go about buying their products.

  11. Hi, I was simply checking out this blog and I really admire the premise of the article and this is really informative. I will for sure refer my friends the same. Thanks for 2D Animation Studios

  12. I liked how you summed it all up. I agree, man so okay, they might not be perfect but they are getting better and better. The values they teach that its okay to step out and make mistakes, to be curious and to dream are important. They help foster and direct that childhood time, give them an idea or a starting point of what they want to be and do with their lives while giving parents something that is within their reach to relate to children with.

  13. I absolutely love princess movies and I love how disney has made them seem more powerful over the years. I also think that the original disney princess movies are great too!

  14. This resonates with me "The snarky dismissal of such a rich, emotional story, especially in contrast to the oohs and aahs heard over virtually every Pixar film before it--starts to suggest a knee-jerk contempt for the feminine."

    I've seen lots of articles/blogs lately about this subject as well, and what came to mind as I read your article here was the new animated movie "Epic". I'll have to watch it through a second time, but I like that one of the "princesses" (Beyoncé's character) in it has a moment where she responds to her male romantic partner (who suggests a 'masculine' solution to selecting her successor) in an unapologetically feminine way - she is soft, dressed in a feminine way, and celebrates the beauty and magic and value of nature and acknowledges its importance in making her selection. Have you seen Epic?

    I feel I'm not articulating this very well. I think what I'm trying to say is, can sparkly dresses be okay if that's what someone wants to wear? Can giggling and loving flowers and pink and wanting to dress up pretty be seen as just as valid if that's what someone chooses (male or female)? Can traditionally "feminine" things not have to take a backseat to things traditionally "masculine"?

  15. this is very informative blog. and the animation movies that been reviewed here is really good movies. thanks for the information.


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